USP 797 - USP Chapter 797, Pharmaceutical Compounding-Sterile Preparations, provides the first set of enforceable sterile compounding standards issued by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP).
USP Chapter 797 describes the procedures and requirements for compounding sterile preparations and sets the standards that apply to all settings in which sterile preparations are compounded.
USP 1075 - USP Chapter 1075, Good Compounding Practices, is intended to provide guidelines on applying best practices in compounding, both sterile and nonsterile.
osmolarity - Osmolarity, also called osmotic pressure, is a characteristic of a solution determined by the number of dissolved particles in it.
isotonic - An isotonic solution has an osmolarity equivalent to that of blood hypertonic - A hypertonic solution has a greater osmolarity than that of blood hypotonic - A hypotonic solution has a lesser osmolarity than that of blood ions - Ions are molecular particles that carry electric charges.
lyophilized - Lyophilized powders are simply freeze-dried powders.
diluent - A diluent is a solvent that dissolves a lyophilized powder or dilutes a solution.
The Joint Commission (TJC) - The Joint Commission, formerly the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) is a nonprofit organization that accredits more than 20,000 healthcare organizations and programs in the United States.